While this topic is entirely too big to wrap into a single blog post, it is something we have had several requests to write about and this will be a summary of what the doctrine of Modalism is. Modalism is also known as Modalistic Monarchianism or Sabellianism and that is the root theology/doctrine that formed the modern term used by modalistic organizations: Oneness.

At the core, Oneness is the abstract rejection of the triune nature of God, known today as the Trinity. Oneness people are proudly anti-Trinitarian and make the same claim as the historic church does – that believing the other doctrine is heretical. In other words, to a Oneness believer, those who believe the Trinity doctrine are heretics, and Trinitarians view followers of Sebbelianism/Modalism to be heretics.

trinity

Modalism – The most basic definition of Modalism is that God appeared to humanity in different modes, such as a persona or avatar at different times that are not manifested simultaneously and that each manifestation is not distinct or a co-existent person. That is to say that the first mode of God was the Father in the Old Testament. God came to earth as Jesus (Son) in the New Testament, and after Christ’ ascension, God came to humankind in the Holy Spirit.

At the core of Modalism is the belief that God (spirit) evidenced or manifested himself as Father in Creation, Son in Redemption and Spirit in Action (Book of Acts). Sabellius, as discovered through few extant writings, and mostly by that of his detractors, taught that the three modes of God were never existent at the same time.

That last idea is easily disputed in Scripture, yet it was taught nonetheless. This came from Sabellius being unable to accept the Triad or triune nature of the Godhead because he (from the writings of his opponents and Church writings of his excommunication) felt the Trinitarian view was attempting to teach Tritheism, or that there were three Gods.

This idea still remains true today in Oneness churches, such as Apostolic Pentecostal circles where they teach that Trinitarian believers are teaching a tritheistic doctrine, that there are Three Gods, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. Yet, when you speak to Trinitarians, they repeatedly teach One God, in Three Persons.

Sabellius was a 3rd-century theologian who was excommunicated from the church at large, who took his teachings from Noetus and Praxeus. As at the time of Sabellius’ excommunication, historical and orthodox Christianity then and now considers Modalism in all of its forms a heresy.

The two extreme heresies of the time were Arianism and Sabellianism. Arianism was the doctrine of Arius, who taught that Jesus was a created being by God the Father and was thus, inferior to God. Sabellianism taught that Jesus was just the manifestation of God, after the manifestation of the Father and who became manifest in the Holy Spirit, denying individual personhood to each mode.

trinityLike Sabellius, modern-day Oneness Pentecostals were essentially excommunicated and ejected from their religious housing. It was in 1913 that the modern phenomena of Modalism began again at the Arroyo Seco World Wide Camp Meeting near Los Angeles. There, Canadian evangelist R. E. McAlister began baptizing people in the name of Jesus Only, directly refuting the practice of baptizing in the ‘Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost’. That same night, another minister named John G Schaeppe had a private ‘vision’ of Jesus and affirmed the revelation of Jesus Only Baptism.

From there, supporters began requiring anyone who was born in the titles Father, Son and Holy Ghost to rebaptized in Jesus Name, which is still taught in Oneness Pentecostal churches. Their term for the triune version of baptism is, ‘just getting wet’.

Three years later as this dogma began to spread, at the General Council of the Assemblies of God in St. Louis Missouri, the Oneness camp of ministers were told to either accept the Trinitarian views of the Godhead or to leave. Nearly 1/4 of all licensed ministers at the time split from the Assemblies of God denomination and started what we now know as Oneness Pentecostalism, the largest organization being the United Pentecostal Church, International.

Oneness Pentecostalism teaches that the Son is an office that had a beginning, and will have an ending, known as the Sonship. That the Father is God, Jesus is God and the Holy Spirit is God, and they are all faces of the same God, not distinct persons. The modalist teaching causes the belief that when Jesus prays to the father, it is Himself (God) acting as flesh praying to himself, acting as God.

The glaring error of Sabellianism is that it taught that the three modes of God, which are the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit were never simultaneously existent, but this does not explain how all three were represented at Jesus’ baptism.

Mat 3:16  And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: Mat 3:17  And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

jesus-baptism.jpg

At the baptism of Jesus, the Son was in operation, and the Father spoke from heaven while a dove, representing the Spirit of God landed upon Jesus. All three modes of the Modalistic teachings were present, disputing the notion of Sabellianism that all three modes could not coexist.

Modern-day Oneness Pentecostal teachers explain this as the One God performing all three modes or roles at the same time, not that it was three persons of God in unity at the same time and place which is what the Trinitarian teachings would express.

Modalism must also teach verses such as 1 John 5:7 or Acts 7:55 as either misinterpreted by Trinitarians or that they meant to be seen as analogous, not literally.

1Jn 5:7  For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.

Act_7:55  But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,

Oneness teachers will say that the Father, Word, and Holy Ghost are not co-existent persons bearing record in heaven, but that their offices bear record through the ages. Or that when Stephen, at his stoning and just before death, saw Jesus standing at the right hand of God, it was analogous of Jesus being in a position of authority and power, not a literal being standing next to another being.

When Jesus cried out at his crucifixion, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46) it was flesh speaking to the Spirit of God. This has the danger of looking like Dynamic Monarchianism, which teaches that Jesus was simply a human being at birth, that he was given god-like power at his baptism, but was then transformed back into nothing more than a human on the cross.

While it is true that the majority of Christendom declares Oneness (modalism) as heretical, it behooves all Christians to study for themselves both the historical records of doctrines and the Scriptural record. Both Modalism and Trinitarian doctrines are very hard for human minds to wrap their understanding around.

For instance, when we read Colossians 2:9 “For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.” we can’t fathom that Father, Son, and Holy Spirit were inside the Son…and yet that is a misunderstanding at best. Commentaries point out that the meaning of the Godhead dwelling in him meant all the authority, power and presence of God was in Jesus Christ, who was God.

Conclusion

Our stance is that we find the argument rather semantical and closer to a divider of the brethren than most theological topics. I (the author) was once a part of the World Wide Godhead Symposium, which is a Facebook great, created by Oneness Pentecostals for the purpose of talking about the Oneness doctrines and debating Trinitarians. My stint in the group disgusted me because it wasn’t learning or studying, it was simply fighting over split hairs.

While knowing God and believing that He Is is critical, and believing that Jesus IS God and that he DID rise from the dead and ascend into Glory, He made it very clear what was the most important aspect of our faith and knowledge of Him;

Joh_13:34  A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

Mat 22:37  Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
Mat 22:38  This is the first and great commandment.
Mat 22:39  And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Mat 22:40  On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

Jas_1:27  Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted from the world.

The Oneness teacher will say that you cannot get any doctrine right if you are off on the Godhead (Oneness). Trinitarians declare that if you believe in Modalism you’ll spin off into all sorts of false doctrines. From this point on they will hate, judge, gnash and defy one another – all the while, the Work of Christ goes undone until the bickering ends.

Doctrine is important, paramount we might say – but what is the Greatest Commandment(s)? A theological debate, symposiums, and creeds, temples, and buildings, or hungry mouths, cold bodies, empty souls, and faith in action?

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Posted by dividinghisword

I am the father of two, husband of one, and lover of Christ! I simply seek to spread the Word of God unadulterated, not filtered by denominational interpretation. I have a degree in Theology from Texas Bible College but more so I have His Word!

17 Comments

  1. So what are your personal thoughts! Are you more aligned with trinitarian views now, or do you see yourself between the 2 camps? I am former OP and find myself not fully being able to embrace trinity doctrine, but definitely find it compelling. I have just boiled it down to the fact that a perfect understanding of the godhead is not salvational. Believing that Jesus is God and died for my sins is. And both camps believe that.

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    1. @Someone I very much like it in between the camps. I see the validity of both reasonings in Scripture, but as written in this article, I find the divisive fight sickening to the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

      There is no commandment above believing that Jesus is God, that He was resurrected from the dead, that He ascended into Glory and that He is coming back again for his bride, the church.

      If we abide in Christ, I believe His spirit will guide us individually and corporately into all truth, and I also believe that some of that truth, the deeper things of God that we can’t explain or understand will be revealed to us in Glory. To spit and fight and divide over things we can’t wrap our understanding around does the Faith a disservice.

      I know there are those who will disagree and decree that taking a side is required for salvation, but I do not find that premise in Scripture and I would rather err on the side of caution, believing that God will reveal all things in the end to me.

      As Paul said,

      “Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God. Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that thing which he alloweth.” Romans 14:22

      God Bless,

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  2. Hi Ralph

    Much agreement…

    “Both Modalism and Trinitarian doctrines
    are very hard for human minds
    to wrap their understanding around.”

    And neither word, Modalism, or Trinitarian,
    Is found in the Bible. Oy Vey!!! 🙂

    Don’t know much about “Oneness Pentecostals.”
    But, there are different ”Doctrines” of The Trinity.

    Whodda thunk… Different Christians…
    Who believe different stuff…
    About “The Trinity.”

    My… My… Tsk… Tsk… Whos gots the right “Doctrine?”
    xxxxxxx

    Really like your conclusion…

    “Our stance is that we find the argument
    rather semantical and
    closer to a divider of the brethren
    than most theological topics.
    xxxxxxx

    I liked when Anonymous asks…
    “…do you see yourself between the 2 camps?”

    And your answer…
    “I very much like it in between the camps.
    I see the validity of both reasonings in Scripture…”

    Hmmm? Between the camps?
    Interesting thoughts…

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    1. Hi Amos!

      I was hoping you would stop by!

      What I mean by “I very much like it in between camps…” is that I am no longer judging peoples faith, salvation or worth based upon whether or not they believe the Oneness doctrine of the Trinitarian doctrine. I’ve decided to leave the judging up to God, who is the only one worthy and capable of judging us.

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  3. I think both camps have questions that they can’t answer though neither camp I find will readily admit that. So at best, I can say that I may be more aligned with one side, but readily admit that there are things I simply cannot comprehend. If a trinitarian could explain the right hand of the father to me, or explain who/what they expect at the Bema, that would be helpful. Only one throne right? And the Father is a Spirit, and the Holy Spirit is a Spirit, do though God is 3, he will be visible in just one—Jesus? When I asked a friend, she mentioned she planned to see God and Jesus, and that just sat weird with me.

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    1. Hi someone, you hit on some good elements of the confusion but it goes further. When Stephen was stoned in Acts 7, he said he saw Jesus standing at the right hand of God. Oneness folks have tried to say that that mean ‘In the authority if God’ that doesn’t work with Scripture though, as that mention isn interchangable with The Father. The Bible says no one except Jesus has seen the Father, and that no living person can see the father until we are glorified, lending credence to separate beings. 1 John says there are three that bear record in Heaven, which would indicate three persons.

      Yet, in Revelation, Jesus says, ‘He that over comes will sit with me in MY throne, even as I overcame and sit in my father’s throne.

      Question is, one throne?

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  4. Revelation 5:6-7 is another verse that gets me when it talks about the Lamb of God standing and then taking the book of life from Him that sat on the throne. What? Of course, oneness will say that isn’t literal. I actually attend a trinitarian church now. Left my oneness church After December of last year. When I do hear Godhead discussions there, it goes against my grain not because I believe it is heresy, but because I have heard it preached against for 30 years so still sounds so foreign. Hurts my brain when I listen to oneness and trinity debates! I’ve decided just to love Jesus and be comfortable not having ALL the answers. My name is LaTisha by the way 😊

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    1. Excellent LaTish! The site was showing me ‘Someone’ commented on your post, so Someone was the only one I had to work with. Thank you.

      I am very much like you-I will focused on what Jesus told us was the greatest commandment, to Love Him and to love each other just the same as He did. James said if we bear one another’s burdens, we fulfill the Law of Christ.

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  5. Ralph

    I was accused once of being a “Modilist”
    When debating some guys who did NOT believe…

    ”Jesus IS God.”

    And I had NEVER heard the word “Modilist” before…
    All I was doing was quoting some scripture…
    John 10:30, I and My Father are “ONE”
    1 Jo 5:7, …the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost:
    and these three are “ONE.”

    I always ”thought” I was a “Trinitarian.”
    That’s how I was raised and never questioned it, “The Trinity.”

    But, now, because of this debate…
    I begin doing my own research…
    About God, and Jesus, being ”ONE”…
    And found there are different…
    ”Doctrines” of The Trinity…

    Today when someone asks me…
    “Do you believe in The Trinity?”
    I gets a twinkle in my eye… 🙂
    And will ask…
    “Well, Which Trinity do you believe in?”

    And if you do NOT know the different “Trinity Doctrines?”
    How do you know your “Doctrine of The Trinity?”
    Is the correct one?

    You can get some strange looks. HaHaHa. 🙂
    xxxxxxx

    Today, I do NOT call myself “Trinitarian” or “Modilist.”
    Too many questions, unanswered questions.
    And neither word is in the Bible.

    Neither camp wants pew peons asking too many questions…
    They can NOT answer…

    Both camps are happy, will accept you, when you willingly…
    Sit in the Pew, and Pray, Pay, Stay, and Obey.

    It’s difficult to remain in one of…
    “Today’s Corrupt Religious Systems”
    Unless you agree with them.
    xxxxxxx

    Yes – Me too… When you write…
    “I’ve decided to leave the judging up to God,”

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  6. Ralph

    I do like leaving it up to God to do the judging…
    But I also enjoy tuff questions, “to confound the wise.”

    Some call the “Chart” in your original post…
    “Shield of the Trinity,” to explain The Trinity.
    When “The Wise,” use this chart – I gots lots questions. 🙂
    I’ll be asking “Trinitarians” that use the “Chart.”
    xxxxxxx

    Have some questions about your “Chart?” “Diagram?”
    I can find scriptures that say…

    (1) There is only one God.
    (2) The Father is God.
    (3) The Son is God.
    (4) The Holy Spirit is God.

    But have questions about the chart, when it says…
    (5) The Father is not the Son.
    ….. The Son is not the Father
    (6) The Son is the not the Holy Spirit.
    ….. The Holy Spirit is not the Son.
    (7) The Holy Spirit is not the Father.
    ….. The Father is not the Holy Spirit.

    Do you have any scriptures to show this? (5), (6), (7)?
    xxxxxxx

    Here are some questions challenging #’s (5), (6), (7).

    Your #(7), says, “The Holy Spirit is NOT the Father.”
    1- But – Could the Holy Spirit be The Father of Jesus?

    Mat 1:18
    Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise:
    When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph,
    before they came together,
    she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.

    Mat 1:20
    …for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.

    Luke 1:35
    And the angel answered and said unto her,
    The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee,
    … that holy thing which shall be born of thee
    shall be called the Son of God.
    xxxxxxx

    Your #(5), says, “The Father is not the Son.”
    2- But – Could Jesus be the Everlasting Father in Isa 9:6?
    If NOT Jesus, who is Isa 9:6 referring to as…
    ”Everlasting Father?”

    Isaiah 9:6
    For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given:
    and the government shall be upon his shoulder:
    and his name shall be called
    Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God,
    ”The everlasting Father,” The Prince of Peace.
    xxxxxxx

    Your #(5), says, “The Son is not the Father.”
    3 – Wasn’t John the Baptist preparing the way for…
    Jehovah our Father, our Redeemer, our Savior…
    And Jesus is the one who showed up?
    Couldn’t that mean, Jehovah = Jesus?

    John the Baptist only knew OT prophesy.
    And he was to prepare the way of Jehovah our Elohim.
    And Jesus showed up. Couldn’t that mean – Jehovah = Jesus?

    OT – Isaiah 40:3
    The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness,
    Prepare ye the way of the LORD, {Jehovah}
    make straight in the desert a highway for our God. (Elohim)

    NT - Mat 3:3
    For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias,
    saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
    Prepare ye the way of the Lord…

    Wasn’t John the Baptist looking for Jehovah?
    And Jesus showe up? Jehovah = Jesus?

    In the OT, Jehovah, and Jehovah Elohim, is our Father.
    And Jehovah is NOT only our Father…
    Jehovah is also our Redeemer. Hmmm?
    Jehovah is also our Savior. Hmmm?

    If Jehovah is our Father, our Redeemer, our Savior…
    And Jesus showed up?
    Isn’t Jehovah our Father and Jesus, “ONE?”
    Didn’t Jesus say… I and My Father are “ONE?”

    Isa 43:11
    I, even I, am the LORD; {Jehovah}
    and beside me there is NO saviour.

    Isaiah 63:16
    …O LORD {Jehovah}, art our father, ** our redeemer;**
    thy name is from everlasting.

    Isaiah 64:8
    But now, O LORD, {Jehovah} thou [art] our father
    xxxxxxx

    Hmmm? Questions? About this “Chart.” #’s (5), (6), (7).

    1 – Is The Holy Spirit ”The Father” of Jesus?
    2 – Is Jesus, the Son, called ”The Everlasting Father?”
    3 – If John the Baptist was preparing the way for
    Jehovah our elohim, our Father, our Redeemer, our Saviour…
    And Jesus showed up? Doesn’t Jesus = Jehovah?
    Isn’t Jehovah our Father, Our Redeemer and Jesus, “ONE?”
    xxxxxxx

    And the list goes on, and on, and….

    Nah! the diagram needs to be “Reformed.”Or thrown out…

    I’m Blest…
    I’ve returned to the Shepherd and Bishop of my soul…

    {{{{{{{ Jesus }}}}}}}

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    1. Excellent stuff! I probably should have clarified that the two diagrams in my posts is not something I approve or believe, it was simply there to illustrate what both cameras use as descriptors.

      I do believe Jesus is the God of the Old Testament, Jehovah. Scripture teaches that He and the Father are one, that Jesus is the image of the Invisible God.

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  7. I can’t believe you went to a Oneness church for years and are still making this claim. I am a Oneness Apostolic, and no one I know actually believes in Modelism, despite the unfortunate explanation of “The Father in Creation, the Son in Redemption, and the Holy Spirit in Regeneration.” We don’t believe God finishes up one “mode” then moves on to the next. What we believe is that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three manifestations of one God, simultaneously. I think that’s pretty much what most Trinitarins would say they believe too.

    As far as Jesus being on the right hand of God, are you saying that’s literal?

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    1. Hello Ashley – Thank you for stopping by!

      It is interesting that you use my length of stay within a Oneness Pentecostal church as criteria for what I should know or that it means the claims I make shouldn’t be made? The only humble response is to learn your own doctrine, it’s history and its meaning. If you care, I’ll enjoy sharing with you curriculum from Texas Bible College where I attained my meaningless 3-year degree in Theology. The pages of the Doctrine 1, 2 and 3 books are filled with ‘Modalism’, calling the Oneness doctrine (page 28, Doctrine I) Modalistic Monarchianism.

      The Oneness doctrine is from Sabellianism of the 1st century, although the modern Oneness Pentecostal movement is slightly different, in that now it admits that the three manifestations can co-operate simultaneously, such as at Jesus’ baptism, whereas original Modalism believed the manifestations could never coincide or operate at the same time.

      You said, “I think that’s pretty much what most Trinitarians would say they believe too.” and you couldn’t be further from the truth. The Oneness (Sabbelianistic) doctrine was condemned as heresy the decade it made a splash and by the historic church, it has always been condemned as heretical by the majority of Christendom and probably always will. Modalism (Oneness Apostolic) requires the denial of three co-equal persons who exist eternally as the makeup of God. The Trinitarian doctrine requires the rejection that God simply ‘manifested’ himself like an actor changing masks.

      To the point, my post and writings made no claim to which is correct as I find the argument nauseatingly semantical and divisive. I know hundreds, maybe thousands of Oneness adherents that will go to their grave spitting and fighting with Trinitarians. I also know many Trinitarians who claim the Oneness doctrine to be heretical. The sad reality is neither viewpoint (argument) exemplifies the love of Christ and neither does it fulfill the law of Christ (Gal 6:2) nor exhibit the Fruits of the Spirit (Gal 5:22,23).

      As for the literality of Jesus standing beside God, I cannot say. Stephen said that he saw Jesus standing next to God (Acts 7:56) but Jesus himself said that ‘He that overcomes will sit with me in my throne, even as I overcame and sit in my father’s throne.” (Rev 3:21)

      Literalistic Oneness people attempt to say that ‘throne’ reference proves there are is only one throne in Heaven and Jesus sits on that throne. Yet, Jesus said the FATHER has a throne. And, I think we know that we will not be sitting ON the throne with Jesus, so the literal interpretations make too many mistakes.

      Short answer, no, I’m not saying Jesus is literally standing there at the right hand of God, and neither am I saying He isn’t. I’m quite versed in all the theology of Oneness, I have simply found the spitting match tiring. My article was simply to illustrate what it was as people have asked the question, ‘What is Modalism’.

      Thank you again for your comments and for stopping by DivideTheWord.blog!

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      1. I can’t speak about the Texas Bible College curriculum, but I can speak about what I’ve been taught in my Christian life. And I’ve never been taught that. And recently my pastor spent some time actually coming against Modalism. So that’s certainly not the belief being taught where I attend.

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  8. I am a oneness Pentecostal and do agree that we are in essence modalist. The majority of oneness believers will affirm that God manifested himself in three distinct forms. Father in creation, Son in redemption and Holy Ghost in regeneration. Although, we don’t believe in a preincarnate Christ we do affirm that God does operates in these three distinct modes simultaneously. Let me also note we believe He began operate as the Son at his divine birth. I do agree there are a lot of unanswered questions in both camps. I do believe that hostility is not the answer. We can certainly have respectful discourse and honor one anther in our genuine faith. I have been personally challenged in my walk with God by some very good men of God who are trinitarian.

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    1. Welcome Daniel and thank you for stopping by. I have to admit, you are the first One is Pentecostal to both admit that the doctrine is essentially Modalism, AND to do it with grace, and kindness in your response. I thank you for exhibiting real a Christian spirit!

      Thank you for reading and I hope you continue to comment, whether it I’d to agree or disagree. Blessings to you,

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  9. Hello!

    I agree with your conclusion that love is most important. Thank you for your explanation of Modalism.

    I am not making any argument that OP’s are wrong. I do believe that nothing is wrong with searching the scriptures to see if what the Trinitarians say is right or wrong… the Bereans were considered noble-minded because they did the same to see if what Paul was telling them was true.

    Have you considered John 8: 17-18? “In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is true. I am one who testifies for myself; my other witness is the Father, who sent me.” If God is absolute one without any distinct persons, then these verses would be false.

    Also, OP’s do point out John 10:30 when referring to the Father and Son being one. However, in John 17:11, 21, Jesus uses the same Greek word for one and says, “so that they may be one as we are one.” and “that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me.” The word “one” in Greek is in the neuter (hen) not (heis) and suggests one in will, purpose, and action (unity), not absolute one in person (heis) would have been used otherwise.

    In the beginning, God (Elohim) created… Elohim is a plural noun. This certainly doesn’t mean more than one god but it could agree with the “unity” of One and it would explain Gen 1:26 (Let Us make man in Our image). In truth, the Son was seen in the Old Testament. He appeared as the Angel of the Lord and various other appearances. The reason the Jews didn’t understand the Son is because in the Old Testament, the Son was a mystery to be revealed.

    Also, Deut 6:4, is often quoted to support that God is a singular one. Yet the Hebrew writers used the word “echad” rather than “yachid” which is used most often as a unified one, and sometimes as numeric oneness. Unified one seems to be the theme.

    Both OP and Trinitarians believe that God in One, so that really isn’t the argument. The question is, is God singular One or a unified One? Scripture seems to support the unified One more.

    Is the Son eternal or did He have a beginning? Scripture affirms that the Son was begotten (not created) so He didn’t have a beginning in the same sense that His creation has also, He is forever our High Priest before the Father. The office of High Priest was never attributed with the Father. Just as Advocate was never attributed to the Father. Also, in Colossians and Hebrews, the writer affirms that it was through the Son that creation was created. In truth, the Father and Son were BOTH present in the creation of the world. This agrees with John 1:1-2, 1 John 1:3 and John 17:5; that the Son (Word) was “with” (in the presence of, or alongside) the Father and shared the glory…

    In conclusion, I agree that love is more important than anything else and that our knowledge of God is minimal. We are saved only by grace through faith in Jesus Christ and that is also what is important.

    Blessings to you!

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